Personal Care Aide Wages

Over the next ten years, the number of Personal Care Aides (PCAs) is expected to grow by nearly 50 percent and will add roughly 600,000 jobs to the economy — more jobs than any other occupation. This explosive demand will be primarily due to the aging “baby boomer” generation. PCAs provide crucial everyday support services such as bathing, dressing, and preparing meals for older adults and individuals with disabilities. However, wages are low and getting lower, nationwide. Without intervention, PCA recruitment and retention will become an increasingly significant challenge, compromising the stability of the nation’s long-term care system.

RANK STATE WAGE
1 Alaska $14.63
2 North Dakota $14.02
3 Massachusetts $12.36
4 Delaware $12.06
5 Hawaii $11.92
6 Connecticut $11.89
7 New Jersey $11.67
8 Washington $11.17
9 District of Columbia $11.05
10 New York $10.98
11 Maryland $10.92
12 New Hampshire $10.87
13 Minnesota $10.84
14 Rhode Island $10.77
15 Oregon $10.76
16 Vermont $10.73
17 Iowa $10.61
17 Nebraska $10.61
19 Pennsylvania $10.44
20 Montana $10.39
21 California $10.34
21 Wyoming $10.34
23 Illinois $10.32
24 Wisconsin $10.30
25 Maine $10.28
26 Nevada $10.20
27 Colorado $10.11
28 Arizona $10.00
29 Kansas $9.87
30 Florida $9.82
31 South Dakota $9.80
32 Michigan $9.65
33 Utah $9.62
34 Ohio $9.46
35 Kentucky $9.35
36 North Carolina $9.18
37 Idaho $9.16
37 Indiana $9.16
39 South Carolina $9.13
40 Georgia $9.06
41 Missouri $9.00
42 New Mexico $8.97
43 Tennessee $8.91
43 Virginia $8.91
45 Oklahoma $8.82
46 Arkansas $8.63
47 Louisiana $8.58
48 Alabama $8.57
48 West Virginia $8.57
50 Texas $8.51
51 Mississippi $8.46

Notes

Wage calculations are derived from the median hourly wage reported by the Occupational Employment Statistics (OES) Program and the Consumer Price Index for urban wage earners and clerical workers (1982‐84=100), Bureau of Labor Statistics, US Department of Labor.

Poverty thresholds reflect FPL for two-person households in the contiguous 48 states and the District of Columbia. Due to higher cost of living, Hawaii and Alaska have separate federal poverty guidelines. In 2014, the median wage for PCAs in Alaska was below 200% FPL; the median wage for PCAs in Hawaii was below 133% FPL.

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